Bagru, Jaipur, Rajasthan

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Socio-economic Conditions

Caste Structure
Bagru, is typical of traditional Rajasthani hamlets with small ways of modernization and westernization entering into it. The Chiapas are the local dominant caste of this village, though they fall in the category of Other Backward Castes (OBCs). Other colours of the caste rainbow of Bagru include Rajputs, Muslim, Jats, Brahman, Buniyas, Kumavat, Regar and other supporting castes. The Chhipa community, harbinger of Indian tradition in hand block printing, is under stress of an invasion of mechanised and modern techniques of production which is threatening to replace their traditional way of life. Agriculture, as a means of livelihood, is undertaken by traditional agriculturists, like the Rajputs and Jats. Petty business is handled by the Baniya Community. Muslims are the main suppliers of labour to Chiapas. Bagru is a perfect example of communal harmony.

Chiapas Of Bagru
The Chiapas of Bagru are pure vegetarian Vaishnavites and are very religious. They are followers of Guru NAMDEV in whom they place their entire trust. Marriages are lavish affairs and the Community Dinner is a unique feature of Bagru. All the people of the community set aside their personal differences and partake in the marriage festivities.

Hereditary Trade
Mention of the Chiapas as a separate community following a particular hereditary trade has been made in the :
  • Catalogue Of The Collections In The Jeypore Museum Compiled By T. Holbein Hendley, C.I.E.
  • Part II- Educational And Industrial Sections
  • Delhi : Imperial Medical Hall Press, 1896.
  • Large Black Show Case No. Cclxi. Containing Clay Models Of Jeypore Trades Connected With The Vegetable Kingdom.
  • Page 202 Code 2469 Chintz-maker, Chheenpa, one who stamps cloth.

Economic Status
Today the economic status of the Chiapas of Bagru is secure. They are mostly self-employed and each household is a hub of activity. Though the Chiapas do not own large agricultural land, they possess most of the conveniences like telephone, television, fridge, motor vehicles etc. Electricity which became available 35-40 years ago, is today a common facility.

Literacy Level
The village has a fairly high literacy level, the average person in Bagru has passed class ten. People from the younger generation now go in for higher studies, and some of them have qualified upto the postgraduate level. Most of the girls also attend the local girls school and are well read and updated on the happenings around the nation through the television.


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Ram Kishore (Proprietor)
R. K. Derawala
By Pass Road, Meeno Ka Mohalla, Village Bagru
Jaipur - 303007, Rajasthan, India
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